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Taoism

ѧڧ٧ ڧާ֧֧ ާߧԧݧ֧ߧ ڧڧ ߧѧߧ. ڧڧ ѧڧ٧ էӧ ѧ٧ ӧ֧էӧѧݧ. ֧ӧ ѧ ߧѧѧݧ էڧߧѧڧ ڧ, ߧ ߧ էѧݧ. ѧ ڧէڧ էڧߧѧڧ ڧߧ ڧާ֧ѧ ѧߧ( 1667 ԧէ). ѧ اߧ ѧާ ѧۧڧ ԧէ ߧߧ ѧӧڧ ӧ֧ԧ ӧ֧ߧڧܧ ѧۧݧڧߧ ӧ֧էӧѧ էѧڧ٧ ߧѧߧ. ߧѧѧݧ اڧ ֧֧ ѧݧѧߧ ѧާ ۧ(ߧߧ֧ߧڧ էѧܧڧ ѧ ݧ) ݧѧԧѧ ҧݧڧ ڧݧڧ ٧էѧߧڧ ѧާ ݧ.ݧ ԧ ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧ֧ ѧڧ٧ ߧѧߧ.

֧ާ ߧ ާߧԧڧ ߧѧѧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧڧ٧ާ, ѧۧߧ ߧѧߧ ߧӧ ӧ֧էӧѧݧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧߧاߧݧߧާߧѧ. ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ ٧ѧӧ֧է ֧ߧ. ݧ ڧާ֧ѧ ѧߧ ѧڧ٧ ݧ٧ӧѧݧ ݧߧ ߧѧߧ. ֧ڧ, ܧԧէ ѧۧߧ ߧѧߧ ߧѧէڧݧڧ 9 էӧ ,8 էѧܧڧ ѧާ 12 ާߧѧ֧. ڧ ӧڧէ֧֧ݧ ӧ֧ѧߧڧ ѧڧ٧ާ ߧѧߧ. ֧֧ ާߧԧ ݧ֧ ֧֧ ߧѧߧ ѧӧѧ ݧ֧էڧ ާ֧ѣߧ ֧ӧ֧֣ѧ ݧ, ѧ ѧߧ,ѧ ѧߧ,ާߧѧ էڧߧ , ֧֧էڧߧ֣ѧ ڧ,ާߧѧ ۧ,էӧ֧ ݧ,ߧ ԧ էӧ֧ ѧۧ,էӧ֧ ߧߧ,էӧ֧ ߧ٧,էӧ֧ ݧѧ ߧӧ-֧ߧߧ ѧ ҧԧ ҧԧѧӧ էӧ֧ ֧ "է֧ӧ ߧ֧ҧ֧". ѧӧѧۧ ӧҧڧѧ ѧާ ڧڧߧ 3 ѧާѣѧ ݧ,ѧ ݧ ѧ ѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧާڧާ ڧڧ֧ ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧߧڧ ߧѧߧ.

ѧ ݧ ߧ ֧ӧ֧ ߧѧߧ ӧݧ֧ ֧ӧ էѧܧڧ ާ֧ ߧѧߧ, ѧܧا էߧڧ ڧ ѧާ ڧ٧ӧ֧ߧ էѧܧڧ ѧާ ڧѧ. ߧӧݧاߧڧ ѧۧݧڧߧӧ֧ߧڧ اߧ ѧާ ѧۧڧ ԧէ ߧߧ. էڧߧѧڧ ڧ ڧާ֧ѧ ѧߧ ڧ֧ѧ է ߧѧѧ ӧ֧էӧѧ ѧڧ٧.֧֧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧ ݧ֧ ֧ۧݧӧ ֧֧ۧܧ ѧܧڧ ѧާ ڧܧ ѧݧا֧ߧ ٧է֧ է ߧߧ֧ߧ֧ԧ ާѧѧҧ. 1993 ԧէ ֧էҧڧ ڧߧ ӧڧާ ӧ֧ߧڧܧѧާ ݧ֧էߧ֧ ӧݧ ֧ԧ է֧ӧߧ֧ԧ ڧ֧ݧ ߧӧѧ ӧߧ ֧֧ , ܧ ܧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ ڧ էݧߧ֧ߧڧ֧ էݧ ѧۧߧ.

ѧ ݧ ҧݧѧէѧ֧ ܧѧڧӧާ ڧէߧާ ֧ۧ٧ѧاѧާ ާߧԧڧާ ڧڧ֧ܧڧާ էڧާ֧ѧ֧ݧߧާ ӧݧ֧ ܧۧߧ , ѧڧߧߧ, ڧ٧ߧ,ӧ֧ݧڧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ѧڧߧӧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧. է֧ ֧ۧ٧ѧا ѧ٧ߧ ӧ֧ާ֧ ѧ٧ߧ. ѧާ ӧ֧ԧ 50 էڧާ֧ѧ֧ݧߧ֧ . ߧ ѧ ӧݧ֧ܧѧ֧ݧߧ ,ҧ ڧ ߧ ڧݧ ѧѧ ,ܧѧ ҧէ ߧѧէڧݧڧ ѧ.ѧԧէ,ܧѧާ֧ߧ ,ӧ֧ڧߧ,֧֧ ߧ -- ڧ ֧էѧӧڧ֧ݧ ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ڧէߧ ֧ۧ٧ѧا ڧڧ֧ܧڧ էڧާ֧ѧ֧ݧߧ֧. ֧է ߧڧ ѧԧէ ԧߧ ߧ ҧ֧֧ԧ ӧէקާ ۧ,ѧԧէ ֧էҧڧ ڧߧ ѧߧاߧ ,ѧԧէ ߧӧѧߧݧ ѧۧݧڧߧ ԧէ ѧߧ ڧߧ ݧէ ԧݧҧܧ ӧ֧ѧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧڧާ ڧ٧ߧާ ӧڧէѧާ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧ. ާڧާ ԧ, ߧѧէڧ ߧ ܧѧާߧ ߧ֧ާѧݧ ܧѧڧݧ ѧ ݧ. ާ ѧ ݧ ڧާ֧֧ ѧܧ ڧڧ, ѧߧӧڧ ҧѧ٧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧԧ ӧڧѧߧڧ ߧѧ֧ ԧէ. ѧӧѧۧ ӧӧӧѧ ѧէ ֧֧է ֧֧ ߧ֧٧ܧ ֧֧ ӧѧӧѧ ڧߧ էߧڧ ߧ ԧ. اߧ ܧѧ٧ѧ, ֧ۧ٧ѧ ѧۧߧ ѧާ ݧߧ ܧߧ֧ߧڧ֧ ӧ ܧѧ ֧ۧ٧ѧا ߧѧߧ. ݧ ֧ էҧߧ ߧڧާѧ ڧڧ ܧѧ ѧڧ ݧߧ, ֧ҧ ߧѧէ ݧڧߧ է ڧ֧٧էڧ ӧڧާ ԧݧѧ٧ѧާ ӧڧէ֧ ӧ,ԧէ ݧڧ ߧѧ֧ ӧӧ.

ѧӧѧۧ ާڧ էӧ֧ ݧ ֧֧էڧߧ ѧۧߧ. ѧ ӧѧ ҧէ֧ էԧ ӧӧ. ѧ էԧڧ ڧէߧ ֧ۧ٧ѧا էѧܧѧ ܧݧߧѧ ѧҧѧߧӧܧ. ԧէ ߧѧѧ֧ ӧ֧ߧ, ܧاѧڧ ݧާѧ ާاߧ ӧڧէ֧ ҧ֧ݧ ӧ֧ ԧ . ֧ݧ ӧ֧ ا ߧ ӧݧߧ ,ܧ ҧ٧ԧѧ 5 էѧܧߧ. ӧ֧ ݧ ߧڧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ݧ ӧ֧ ާߧԧ ѧ ֧ާߧڧӧѧݧ ѧڧݧ էڧߧѧڧ ڧߧ է ڧѧۧܧ ֧ҧݧڧܧ (19121949 ԧ.) . 1983 ԧէ էѧ ѧߧߧݧڧ ӧ٧ԧݧѧӧڧ ӧѧߧӧڧ ֧֧ڧ ѧާ էӧ. ѧݧ֧ߧڧ֧ ֧ԧ ӧ֧ߧڧܧ էѧ ѧ ԧѧ٧ڧ ҧ ֧ ѧާ ҧݧ ߧ ֧ӧ֧-ӧܧ ,էѧا ӧ ӧ֧ ܧڧѧ էӧ֧ ߧߧ,ҧݧѧԧէѧ ܧ էӧ֧ ݧ ѧߧӧڧ ҧݧ֧ ا֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ڧ٧ߧ. էӧ ݧߧ ҧ֧էڧߧ ڧէߧ ֧ۧ٧ѧا ڧڧ֧ܧڧ էڧާ֧ѧ֧ݧߧ. ѧ էԧڧ ܧڧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ֧ ѧڧ٧ާ ߧѧߧ.

ܧߧ ܧߧ էѧӧѧۧ էߧڧާѧ ߧ ӧ ӧܧ ӧ֧ڧߧ ߧѧߧ񡪧էڧ ߧ ֧ӧ֧. ѧ ӧ ߧ ݧܧ ާا֧ ݧҧӧѧ ڧէߧާ ֧ۧ٧ѧاѧާ ߧѧߧ,ߧ ާا֧ ڧ ѧ ѧߧ. ӧ, ѧާѧ ӧܧѧ ԧѡߧاߧѧ, ѧާѧ ӧܧѧ ӧ֧ڧߧѡէڧ. ӧ֧ڧߧ էڧ ߧѧէڧ ѧ ѧߧ.ѧߧ ҧ ҧէէڧۧܧڧ ѧާ , ֧ۧѧ ֧ӧѧڧݧ էѧܧڧ. ֧ߧ է֧ߧ. ѧ ֧ ڧ٧ӧ֧֧ ݧ֧ԧ֧ߧէ. ݧ֧ԧ֧ߧէ ԧӧ , էڧӧѧߧߧ ҧէڧۧܧڧ ߧѧѧӧߧڧ ֧ԧ ݧ֧ާߧߧڧ ӧާ֧ ѧݧ ҧէէѧާ. ѧ ѧߧ ֧ ӧݧ֧ ֧էڧӧ֧ߧߧ ѧާ ާ ާ֧٧ߧڧߧ.

 

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